Betsey Stockton

Picture of Betsy Stockton

Betsey Stockton: Annotated bibliography

Gulick, Hinckley Orramel. The pilgrims of Hawaii: Their own story of their pilgrimage from New England and life work in the Sandwich Islands, now known as Hawaii. New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1918.
In this book, the author explores the early days of missionary life.  The struggle between the Ali’I considered as heathens and the righteous missionaries who want to convert them into law-abiding, dignified Christians.  The author uses journals and letters to give a realistic image of what it meant to be a missionary to the Sandwich Islands.
Jackson, Miles.   And they came: A brief history and annotated bibliography of Blacks in Hawaii. North Carolina. Four-G Publishers, 2001
In this small volume book, the author uses bibliographic annotations to tell the story of Blacks in Hawaii.  Betsey Stockton is mentioned within the first ten pages as the person responsible for establishing the first school in Lahaina for children who were not from chiefly families.
Jackson, Miles.  They followed the trade winds: African Americans in Hawaii, social process in Hawaii.  Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2004
The same author of “And They Came,” Jackson Miles also wrote “They followed the trade winds.”  Hi calls Betsey Stockton “an extraordinary woman.”  According to historical records, Betsey Stockton was the first black woman to step foot in the Sandwich Islands, arriving in 1823.  During her stay in Honolulu, Betsey visits with Anthony Allen, a black man who has been living in Honolulu.  He tells her that she is the first “colored female” he had seen in this part of the Pacific in thirteen years.
Judd, Laura Fish.  Honolulu, sketches of life, social, political, and religious in the Hawaiian Islands from 1828 to 1861.  Honolulu: Honolulu-Star Bulletin, 1928. 
In this very detailed account of life in Hawaii, the author does a thorough examination of not only the daily activities of the missionaries, but also gives us a cultural education about the Hawaiian people.  She examines their language, their hierarchal society and their very intricate rapport with the missionaries. 
Nordyke, C. Eleanor.  The peopling of Hawaii (2nd Ed.) Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1989. 
In this book, the author investigates the passage of diversity to Hawaii.  She documents the migration and arrival of Americans, Europeans, Asians, Filipinos and many others to Hawaii.  The author provides census information to support her research.

Stewart, Charles Samuel.  Journal of a residence in the Sandwich Islands during the years 1823, 1824, and 1825.  Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press for friends of the library of Hawaii, 1970.
Charles S. Stewart is the man responsible for bringing Betsey Stockton to the Sandwich Islands.  In the detailed journal of a residence, he talks about the long voyage aboard the Thames.  He provides a first-hand account of daily activities, the royal family and the struggles of the missionaries.  In his journal entry, Stewart refers to Betsey as “a coloured female; a domestic and assistant Missionary in my own family.”
Zwiep, Mary.  Pilgrim Path: The first company of women missionaries to Hawaii. Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 1991.
Author Mary Zwiep examines the story of women missionaries to Hawaii.  Using primary research methods, she dissects the role of these women in the day-to-day activities.  She peers into their family structure, their interactions with the native Hawaiians.  The book offers a great collection of illustrations, giving life and presence to such missionaries as the Chamberlains, Whitneys, Thurstons, Binghams and Loomis.  There are also illustrations of the Island and members of the royal family.

Dorteline Normil
November 7, 2013
Annotated Bibliography
Research Institute for Hawaii.USA


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